The cities are developing very fast. The pressure of population is leading to create more space to live. But what about sustainability? Conventional buildings consume a lot of energy and water and release green house gases into the atmosphere that ultimately lead to global warming and air pollution. Here comes ‘Green Building’ – designed, constructed and operated in an eco-friendly way that creates positive impacts on environment. As the citizens of this global village i.e Earth, it is our duty to utilize natural resources in a responsible manner. And Green Buildings help to preserve precious natural resources and thus take initiatives towards sustainability.
Several cities across the world have made green building a priority. Specially, apartments that are situated at the heart of the city need to think about the sustainability aspects. There are very few premium residential apartments near Victoria Memorial and premium apartments near Alipore Kolkata that have thought to opt for green buildings. Several characteristics that define Green Buildings are governed by a set of principles and rules that favour saving energy and resources. They are:
- Energy efficiency:
Green buildings are designed to use less energy and water and improve the indoor environment. Use of efficient lighting fixtures, solar water heating system can reduce electricity consumption. Vapor barriers in building walls and surfaces are able to keep out moistures and humidity from outside that make the buildings naturally cooler. Eventually, this reduces the need of air-condition working too hard and also the electricity costs. By efficient plumbing fixtures and reusing waste water consumption of water is controlled and managed.
- Use of renewable energy:
Hydroelectric power, solar energy, geo-thermal energy, wind power are the key hallmarks of sustainable renewable energies. Passive solar design integrates a combination of building features to reduce or even eliminate the need for mechanical cooling and heating and daytime artificial lighting. Maximizing open spaces and natural light can not only save on lighting requirements but can also help keep buildings warm in colder months.
- Rainwater harvesting:
Water shortage is a major concern for environment experts now. Rainwater harvesting is a technique or strategy for the collection of rainwater and storing it in the right way for future use. Harvesting allows the collection of large amounts of water and rooftops provide the necessary platform. It is free from harmful chemicals and reduce the demand of ground water. The water can be used to water plants, flush toilets or supply to cooling towers.
- Waste management:
Green buildings often adopt Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) where the building’s garbage is segregated into biodegradable, recyclable, non-recyclable, and special or hazardous waste. Biodegradable waste can be composted and used as fertilizer. A lot of green building and sustainable living is based around the formation of such good habits.
- Green roof installation:
Installing green roofs is one option that can reduce the negative impact of development while providing numerous environmental, economic, and social benefits. Green roofs are designed specifically for water catchment and pollution absorption. They can improve stormwater management by reducing runoff and improving water quality, conserve energy, mitigate the urban heat island, increase longevity of roofing membranes, reduce noise and air pollution.